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Background

Reparation, rights and protection of victims

In 2006, the United Nation’s General Assembly adopted the ‘UN Basic Principle and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of Human Rights Laws and Serious Violation of International Humanitarian Law’. These basic principles reiterate that victims of serious human rights violations have a right to remedy from the State. This right is incorporated in the instrument of reparations, which in itself includes four elements: restitution, rehabilitation, compensation and guarantees of non-repetition.  In addition, victims also have a right to protection from threats that arise from their testimony, guaranteed by the International Law and the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina.