Jezik / Language:
7 July 2010

Karadzic: Quick-tempered Man

Momcilo Mandic said the Party of Democratic Action, SDA, functioned in an unconstitutional and unlawful manner in 1992, adding it worked towards creating Muslim armed forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina .

Responding the questions from Radovan Karadzic, Mandic, the  former Assistant Minister for Internal Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina and then Minister of Justice of Republika Srpska, said the SDA did not respect the agreement concluded with the Serbian Democratic Party, SDS.
“As far as I know, president, you asked for the agreed concept for forming the government and governmental bodies, administration bodies, to be respected on several occasions. You are a rather quick-tempered man and your reactions can be boisterous, but no pressure was put on anyone to do anything beyond the inter-party agreement or law,” Mandic explained.

He began his testimony on June 30.  

Karadzic, former President of the SDS and Republika Srpska, is on trial, before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, ICTY, for genocide committed in seven Bosnian municipalities in 1992 and Srebrenica in 1995, as well as crimes against humanity and violation of the laws and customs of war.  

Mandic said that he noticed, at the end of 1991 and the beginning of 1992, that a huge number of Muslim and Croat military deserters, who did not want to serve the Yugoslav National Army, were employed with the Ministry of Internal Affairs, MUP, of Bosnia and Herzegovina. He added that even some “volunteers, who could hardly speak the Serbian-Croatian language” were employed at the time.

“We met some people who did not know the language very well and they could not move around Bosnia and Herzegovina , but they were employed as reserve policemen. This generated fear and distrust among the MUP staff,” Mandic said.

The witness blamed the selective recruitment of staff upon Avdo Hebib, the then Assistant Minister of Internal Affairs for Uniformed Police Forces, saying he worked “as per orders from the SDA party” and “against the systematization and law”.  

“Hebib was creating parallel armed police forces. He activated reserve policemen and he armed Muslims and Croats who were reserve soldiers,” Mandic said.  

Mandic said the behaviour of the Muslim population, under the leadership of the SDA, generated fear among the Serbian people, which resulted in the establishment of the Serbian People’s Assembly in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbian municipalities and a Serbian board with the MUP of Bosnia and Herzegovina.  

Judge O-Gon Kwon admonished Karadzic, saying  he had spent about six hours, out of 20 hours approved for the cross-examination of Mandic and told him he should “concentrate on more relevant questions”.  

“I am charged with a joint criminal enterprise. I do agree it existed, but it was not implemented by Serbs. We must prove what the challenges were and what threats Serbs faced. We must complete the mosaic showing who controlled the situation and wanted the war. Muslims and Croats created an illegal army,” Karadzic responded.  

The next hearing will take place on July 8.     

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